In the spring semester, Little Rock School District social studies classes will begin to implement my book into curricula.
I’m pleased to announce that Little Rock School District social studies teachers at the high school and middle school levels plan to incorporate lesson plans based off of African-American Athletes in Arkansas starting in January 2018. As an alum of the district (Jefferson, Pulaski Heights, Central), this means a lot to me. It is a significant first step in the public history mission that inspired me to write the book in the first place.
Below is one example of the four lesson plans which have been created off of the book. Here the credit goes to educator Dustin Seaton, and to Jason Endacott, who sent me to Seaton.
If you want me to send you this lesson plan as a separate file, or have any other questions, feel free to reach me at email@example.com.
Created by Dustin Seaton, GT Specialist, NWA ESC
- Descriptive Data
Teacher: __________________________ Date: _____________________________
Subject Area: _Civics/AR History Grade Level: _______7th-12th __________
Unit Title: _U.S. Constitution/Civics Lesson Title: Challenging the 1st Amendment
- Standards, Goals, & Objectives (National Middle School Association Standards 1, 2, 3, 4, & 5)
Standards (list local, state, or national standards which will be met upon completion of this lesson):
- Engage students in lively analysis and discussion of the First Amendment of the U.S. Constitution as it applies to freedom of speech and religion
- Challenge students to understand another person’s point of view
PD.3.C.1: Evaluate rights and responsibilities of citizens in the United States.
PD.4.C.3: Examine the amendments to the U.S. Constitution in order to determine how the roles of citizens and the federal and state governments have changed over time
(e.g., Bill of Rights, incorporation of states’ rights into government, interpretation, due process, voting rights)
PD.4.C.7: Construct arguments analyzing citizens’ rights protected by the U.S. Constitution and constitutional amendments using multiple sources
AR History (7/8th Grade)
H.7.AH.7-8.8: Analyze social, economic, and political effects of the Civil Rights Movement on various regions in Arkansas from multiple perspectives (e.g., integration, state legislation)
AR History (9-12th Grade)
Era5.5.AH.9-12.4: Analyze the social, economic, and political effects of the Civil Rights Movement in various regions of Arkansas using primary and secondary sources from multiple perspectives
(e.g., segregation; voting; integration of Fayetteville, Hoxie, and Little Rock School Districts; federal and state legislation)
Era6.6.AH.9-12.4: Analyze ways that Arkansans addressed a variety of public issues by using or challenging local, state, national, and international laws
African-American History (9-12)
IE.6.AAH.2: Examine the various influences of African Americans on social change using primary and secondary sources from multiple perspectives (e.g., migration, feminism, military, social organizations)
JU.7.AAH.2: Identify unresolved social, economic, and political challenges for African American men and women from 1970 to the present using a variety of sources representing multiple perspectives
Muhammad Ali’s story of a prizefighter and boxer are known largely for his success in the ring, but students should also know about his successful challenge to the U.S. Supreme Court. Prizefighting has been characterized as a true test of skill, courage, intelligence, and manhood while boxing champions have also become symbols of national and often racial superiority. On October 29, 1960, Cassius Clay fought in his first professional bout as a boxer and continued winning throughout the decade. He earned nicknames such as “Louisville Lip” and “Mighty Mouth” because of his outspokenness and personality both in and out of the boxing ring. By 1964, at the age of just twenty-two years old, he became the world heavyweight boxing champion by defeating the incumbent champion Sonny Liston. Clay soon joined the Nation of Islam, abandoned his “slave name,” and started to go by Muhammad Ali during the Civil Rights Movement of the 1960s. His biggest fight then came from his stance against the federal government in 1966 when he refused to be drafted in the U.S. military to fight in the Vietnam War. Ali cited his religious beliefs and person conviction of being opposed to the U.S. involvement in war as his refusal to be drafted. He publicly stated, “Why should they ask me to put on a uniform and go ten thousand miles from home and drop bombs and bullet on brown people in Vietnam while so-called Negro people in Louisville are treated like dogs and denied simple human rights?” He later added, “Man, I ain’t go no quarrel with them Viet Cong.” In April of 1967, he was arrested and found guilty of refusing to serve in the U.S. military. He was later suspended from boxing and stripped of his titles and license to box. Unable to practice his profession, Ali began touring the country and speaking at colleges/universities about Nation of Islam, civil rights, and other things of personal interest. Five years after his initial arrest, the U.S. Supreme Court overturned his in a landmark case Clay v. United States (1971) where a unanimous Supreme Court ruled the federal government had violated Ali’s “conscientious objector” exemption which was protected by the First Amendment. “For less than a week in March 1969, the world’s most famous former heavyweight champion toured the state of Arkansas” (pg. 127, Demirel)